With the continuous development of market economy, increasing competition among enterprises, price became the focus of competition. Costs constitute the main factor of price is the first source of corporate competitiveness. Join the WTO in particular, face the digital economy and meet the dual challenge of the Chinese enterprises to reduce costs is an urgent need for business development.
Procurement is an important part of business processes, procurement prices and procurement costs will directly affect the cost of enterprise products. Internet network technology based on electronic procurement, with its low cost, variety of choices for end-service, transparent process so short a significant advantage, to the traditional procurement has brought new opportunities and challenges.
Complete the procurement including the establishment from the plan until the goods storage and make the whole process of account management. This complete electronic management of business processes in order to fully reflect the electronic management of value-added role. Electronic procurement (e-Procurement) solution is based on this trend and the integrity of the procurement business processes to grasp, for business as soon as possible fast track into the network economy tailored e-commerce solutions.
Scope: manufacturing, government departments, retailers are
Applicable business types and sectors: manufacturers, trading companies, buyers, purchasing department
1 business needs analysis
1.1 Business Characteristics
The establishment of corporate procurement plans, please purchase application, the supplier selection and evaluation, procurement, personnel appraisal, development and signing of the contract, the implementation of procurement contracts, in-transit goods and materials Management, Account Management, etc., constitute the entire modern enterprise procurement process. The process itself is smooth with the scientific work, and other business processes and business such as inventory, production, finance, real-time with the digital management, constitute the basic requirements of modern procurement operations, including:
Scientific development of procurement plans, evidence-based;
Supplier selection system, the standard is reasonable;
Convenient and efficient procurement process, scientific checks and balances;
Procurement of goods cheap, timely and correct;
Contract Management orderly, clear rights and responsibilities;
Information flow in the way of resources, control and effective;
Account Management right clear, simple and efficient.
1.2 User Needs Analysis
In view of the operational characteristics and requirements of the procurement, users expect business operations in procurement, to:
鈭?shop around, quickly find more suppliers, objective assessment of the supplier, choose the best source of goods, as far as possible from end to end procurement, to reduce procurement costs and the purchase price.
鈭?keep abreast of market conditions and inventory, the scientific development of procurement plans, reducing the risk out of stock, while reducing inventory costs and to minimize the amount of funds used.
鈭?abreast of the various procurement channels of procurement information and arrival information, timely approval and implementation of procurement decisions, avoid blind purchase, advance purchase, repeat purchase, non-demand procurement.
鈭?procurement transparency, to prevent "black-box operation" procurement, scientific assessment of the procurement staff.
鈭?goods in transit management, account management and inventory management and procurement areas to smooth links with, increase accuracy, improve the processing efficiency.
China Business Network electronic procurement (e-Procurement) solution fully into account the actual needs of the enterprise, Internet-based online ordering and telephone support, electronic document form of order processing, etc., to fully reduce the corporate procurement costs, shorten purchasing processes and cycles, streamline procurement processes and improve order / contract processing and management such as the timeliness and accuracy for the purpose of achieving the advanced network technology with China's actual situation and the perfect combination of traditional business logic.
2, functions and features of the solution
The solution functions as shown.
2.1 Enterprise User Management
Definition of user roles: Enterprise based on business needs, you can define a number of different buyers, with different business and scope of the procurement; can define different approval, through the approval of buyer's order / request control of the procurement contract; can be defined more level approval of people, multi-level approval. Can define the quality inspector, inspection of procurement of goods and submit the results; can define Kuguan member ledger for goods storage and registration; can define the opposition members; on the quality of goods purchased for discount or return address, and submit processing results.
Web-based special advantage of the end users of the goods can be most directly based on their needs, direct as buyer, and supplier of design, manufacturing, sales for online discussions and exchanges, to achieve end to end procurement, to maximize simplify and shorten the intermediate links, to avoid errors.
Definition of user rights: Enterprises may need to define the different roles of authority, the provisions of their business scope, amount and so on.
2.2 List of Management
Contents included: the search for information in accordance with the classification of your goods, you can authorize a particular supplier of goods on their own release or upload information.
Catalog Maintenance: The maintenance of existing directory, including add, delete and modify.
Catalog Search: by browsing, advanced search, etc., accessing your cargo information.
2.3 Procurement Program Management
Programme Entry: procurement plan will be entered for future reference.
Plans to adjust: the actual market conditions and production requirements, to plan adjustments.
Execution Trace: According to the procurement plan for tracking the status of implementation.
2.4 On-line Purchasing
Order purchase: The purchase agreement has a fixed price product orders directly to the manner of procurement orders, and binding on both the performance behavior.
Inquiry Procurement: The products that qualified inquiry and suppliers directly and negotiate a way through the online purchasing intention to finalize the completion of contract negotiations and signing.
2.5 Bidding Procurement
Bid Information Release: For complex goods, or the market changes, more suppliers, a price cut could take the initiative to publish the tender of the goods information, competitive bidding procurement.
Online Bidding: Online accepted prequalified suppliers offer.
Online Bidding: Bidding in accordance with the rules agreed in advance online evaluation.
Online contract: signed with the successful side-line.
2.6 On-line approval
Online approval: approval of the buyer who submitted the order / contract for online approval. Based on actual business needs, can be multi-level approval.
Programme Enquiries: Enquiries procurement plans, decision-making reference for approval.
Stock: approval can check inventory to determine whether the buyer agreed to purchase application.
2.7 Order / Contract Management
Order / contract template customization: for different suppliers, select or customize the various templates.
Order / contract inquiries: buyers, examiners can check order history, current status of orders.
Order / contract tracking: buyers can order the implementation of the state, at any time to remind the relevant staff for approval, payment, receiving, inspection, inventory changes, realized in the way management.
2.8 Inventory Management
Daily inventory management: real-time data on inventory management and maintenance, input / modify / delete.
Stock: In accordance with permissions check inventory.
Stock Statistics: statistics of aggregate inventory information.
2.9 Statistical analysis of procurement
Can automatically generate, access privileges, custom send: purchasing daily / weekly / monthly / quarterly / annual reports; price trend analysis; species analysis; procurement aspect ratio.
2.10 Customer Management
Customer Information Management: Building Customer (suppliers, third-party service providers, etc.) information, and real-time information to add, delete, change and other operations.
Customer Relationship Management: including notification systems, complaint handling, investigation services.
Credit Assessment: the client's transactions, performing acts or services, conduct assessments, records, statistics, according to statistics of the customers were treated, including appreciation / warning, increase / decrease in purchases, cancel cooperation / service qualifications.
2.11 and internal information systems and the integration of third-party service interface
The solution provides the relevant interfaces, and internal information systems can be integrated. If the business does not establish an internal information system, the program also can be part of the function of the extension.
The program also provides third-party service interface to realize online payment, goods delivery and other third-party services.
3. Application of safety measures
To protect customers and operators of commercial interests, the solution given full consideration to the application of network security, data integrity process implementation, reliability, access control, data encryption, trusted authentication, non-repudiation. For data reliability and the legitimacy of the data source, correct the most effective means of information to encrypt data transmission. In this solution, for different users, providing different security mechanisms. The Internet for ordinary users, you can directly use SSL encryption to ensure Anquan, for this program in the advanced user, using DES and RSA combination, where the key information (such as passwords, Shuzi signatures, etc.) using RSA algorithm for encryption , the transaction data used for ordinary DES encryption algorithm. The integrity of the data achieved through the HASH function, non-repudiation of data sources and user identification by the RSA-based digital signature to be guaranteed.
Chinese business networks based PKI (public key infrastructure) security platform, using data encryption, digital signature, corporate CA certificates, and establishing a reliable network of trusted trading environment, allowing users to confirm the identity of each other, exchange product quotes, purchase orders, Delivery information and other transaction information, security in online transactions.
The solution required hardware and software environment
Hardware Platform: RS6000, Netfinity
Operating Systems: AIX V4.3.2, NT4.0 / 2000
Database platforms: DB2, MS SQL6.5/7.0
Application Platform: IBM WCS MPE, MS Siteserver Commerce Edition3.0
Security systems: IBM Fire Wall, ISS products
Network environment: the need for a dedicated connection Internet, or ISP, hosting server
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